Libya xxx photo

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During the Second World War Libya was an important area of warfare in the North African Campaign. The other large city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.

It is a member of the United Nations (since 1955), the Non-Aligned Movement, Arab League, OIC, and OPEC.

Libya was involved in the Barbary Wars of the 18th and 19th centuries. The coup leader Muammar Gaddafi ruled the country from the Libyan Cultural Revolution in 1973 until he was overthrown and killed in the War of 2011.

Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the temporary Italian Libya colony from 1911 to 1943. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over one million of Libya's six million people.

The Phoenicians were the first to establish trading posts in Libya.

By the 5th century BC, the greatest of the Phoenician colonies, Carthage, had extended its hegemony across much of North Africa, where a distinctive civilization, known as Punic, came into being.

The name "Libya" was brought back into use in 1903 by Italian geographer Federico Minutilli.

based on a request from the Permanent Mission of Libya citing the Libyan interim Constitutional Declaration of 3 August 2011.

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Cyrenaica, which had remained an outpost of the Byzantine Empire during the Vandal period, also took on the characteristics of an armed camp.When Caliph Harun al-Rashid appointed Ibrahim ibn al-Aghlab as his governor of Ifriqiya in 800, Libya enjoyed considerable local autonomy under the Aghlabid dynasty.By the end of the 9th century, the Shiite Fatimids controlled Western Libya, and ruled the entire region in 972 and appointed Bologhine ibn Ziri as governor.Unpopular Byzantine governors imposed burdensome taxation to meet military costs, while the towns and public services—including the water system—were left to decay.By the beginning of the 7th century, Byzantine control over the region was weak, Berber rebellions were becoming more frequent, and there was little to oppose Muslim invasion.In 630 BC, the ancient Greeks colonized Eastern Libya and founded the city of Cyrene.

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